A conflict analysis will include key elements such as a conflict profile, and an understanding of the causes of conflict, the key actors and dynamics. Many frameworks, or conflict analysis tools, have already been established which an organisation may use to research and understand these indicators. As well, a needs-assessment framework – such as a sustainable livelihoods assessment, a participatory poverty assessment, a participatory rural appraisal, a good governance assessment or a gender analysis can contribute, and be complimented by, conflict analyses. Alternatively, they may be integrated to form a more robust societal analysis.
Further information on conducting a conflict analysis can be found in Chapter 2 of the Resource Pack.
Checklist for selecting a conflict analysis tool
The following checklist poses a number of questions that can help organisations think about the type of conflict analysis tool they need:
– Does the tool provide the information you need for your work?
– Is the proposed process of conflict analysis consistent with your aims?
– Do you share the tool’s specific understanding of conflict?
– Does this perspective correspond to the mandate and values of your organisation?
– Does the proposed methodology match the purpose of the analysis?
– Does the proposed methodology agree with the ways of working of your organisation?
– How long does it take to gain results?
– What are the resource implications of the selected tool (staff time, travel, seminar costs, facilities, data management)?
– Is your organisation able to allocate the required resources?
– Is this tool available at the time and cost that suit you?
– Can full documentation be accessed?