Conflict analysis is at the core of conflict-sensitive programming. It is the systematic study of the profile, causes, actors and dynamics of a conflict. Conflict analysis can be carried out at various levels (e.g. local, regional, national, etc.) and seeks to establish the links between these levels.
- In-depth analysis of the conflict environment (actors, profile, causes and dynamics), informed by the perspectives of the communities themselves
- On-going mapping and (re)analysis of the conflict as the programme unfolds. This includes awareness of links among community, national, regional and international levels of conflict; and
- Ensuring that the knowledge gained from this analysis informs the different steps of the programme, from planning to implementation, monitoring and evaluation. (Lange, M., Building Institutional Capacity for Conflict-Sensitive Practice)
Many tools exist for conducting a conflict analysis. As each context is different, no one tool can be prescribed.